Too often, the good pictures we take are a result of luck as opposed to a product of conscious thought. Not all photographs will be fantastic, but by trying to follow some simple rules/guidelines, we can maximize the potential of our pictures and increase the number of great one we take.
Define Your Subject
- Too often when you take a shot, it is not clear who you are really taking the picture of.
- Figure out what you are taking a shot of and concentrate only only on that, maximizing excess background
Orient Your Camera
- Certain shots lend themselves to certain camera orientations.
- After you figure out what you are taking a shot of, decide which is the best way to hold the camera:
- Scenery shots = Landscape
- Individual or pairs = portrait
- Groups of 3 or more = landscape
- Narrow objects = portrait
- Wide objects = portrait
Move in Close
- Always concentrate on the most important part of the subject - ie: for portraits it is the face
- Minimize the amount of background in the shots as it detracts from the subject
Rule of Thirds
- The subject of the image should not be centred in the photograph
- Rather, imagine the image to be divided into thirds both along the horizontal and the vertical.
- the subject should then be positioned along one of the sets of 1/3 lines.
Change Camera Position
- Do not always shoot from your natural standing position: change tour stance, crouch down, or stand on something to make you taller.
- Do not always shoot your subject from different aspects
Take 5 pairs of shots (10 pics total) that demonstrate the above concepts. Then lay them out in a single powerpoint document with titles to act as a quick reference guide to good photographic framing.